Resilient Trees for Your Yard
Trying to decide on a tree or two for your property? Greenfield Tree Committee has researched and assembled a list of mostly native, mostly climate resilient trees we recommend. Learn about trees' attributes and suitable sites for planting. Trees are listed alphabetically by common name under 'Larger Stature' or 'Smaller Stature' sections. Use this 'Key' for more info icons and categories. To dive a little deeper, click on the 'Learn More' buttons for each tree. To compare and contrast trees, use this chart.
LARGER STATURE TREES
Why plant trees?
Plant trees to help our climate! Trees are essential infrastructure in towns and cities. Trees reduce stormwater run-off, improve water quality, reduce the heat island effect, clean the air, and sequester carbon.
Plant trees to help wildlife!
Trees provide nectar for pollinators and food for birds and mammals. Trees are also essential sheltering and nesting sites for birds and mammals.
Plants trees to help people!
Trees help to improve mental and physical well-being. They also improve productivity and boost educational outcomes.
Plant trees to help our community! Trees reduce cooling costs, increase property values, reduce traffic accidents, and improve local economies.
Learn more about the benefits of trees at https://bit.ly/3447d96.
Choose the largest tree a site allows. Larger trees provide more ecological benefits.
Why plant natives?
Greenfield Tree Committee strongly endorses planting native tree species.
Native tree species, insects, birds and mammals have evolved together. Native trees provide food for pollinators, insects, birds and mammals. Native maples, for example, sustain up to 300 species of moths and butterflies. Non-native Norway maples sustain only 7 species. And chickadees need over 70% of trees near their nests to be native in order to find enough insects to raise their young.
Choose a native tree every time the opportunity arises!
Note that a number of native trees are excluded from this list due to disease and/or insect infestation (hemlock, beech and ash). Others are excluded because they are not climate resilient, are not suitable for planting near streets or sidewalks, and/or are not available to purchase locally.
Also note that there are a few non-native species we have included because they are very tough (ginkgo) or because they support native pollinators and provide other wildlife benefits (crabapple and Cornelian cherry).
Where possible, remove invasive non-native trees (Norway maple, amur maple, Callery pear ‘Bradford’, Japanese tree lilac and tree of heaven). Learn about invasive trees and plants: https://bit.ly/39zS407.
Dirr’s Encyclopedia of Trees and Shrubs was a primary source of information for this list.
Note: This list is subject to change as more trees become available locally and as climate change data is updated.